The UK government’s Border Operating Model (BOM) is the plan detailing the processes and systems, across all government departments, that will be used at the borders of Great Britain from 1 January 2021.
What will this mean?
- If you import or export, you’ll need to complete a customs declaration, regardless of a deal.
- Make sure you have registered for an EORI number.
- Decide if you’ll use a customs intermediary or make the declarations yourself.
- Know the customs value and commodity code for your goods.
- Declarations can be deferred for up to six months for all imports of standard goods from the EU until July 2021.
- VAT will be levied on consignments of EU goods exceeding £135 in value following the same rates and structures as are applied for the Rest of the World imports.
- VAT-registered importers will be able to use postponed VAT accounting and different rules will apply to consignments valued less than £135.
UK Global Tariff
- Importers will need to pay customs duties under the new UK Global Tariff, unless the import is covered by the preferential terms of a UK free trade agreement.
- Duty will need to be paid on the basis of the origin, classification and customs value of the imported goods.
- You’ll need to check duties and customs procedures using this tool from gov.uk. This will tell you more about the rules and restrictions, tax and duty rates, and what exporting documents you need.
Safety and Security declarations
- Not required for EU-to-GB standard goods until July 2021
- Products of animal origin will require pre-notification of relevant health documentation from April 2021.
Temporary Storage and Pre-lodgement models at ports
- Temporary Storage model: imported goods can be stored at the frontier for up to 90 days before being declared to customs
- Pre-lodgement model: a customs declaration will be submitted in advance of boarding on the EU side.
Goods Vehicle Movement Services
- Will be used in Northern Ireland from 1 January and for imports to Great Britain from 1 January for transit movements and thereafter as checks are introduced.
- Full use from July 2021.
- Goods moving between GB, NI and onto the EU will be governed by the Northern Ireland Protocol.